What are the Common Neurological Diseases in America?

Microscopic view of 3D neurons within the brain

A study titled “The Burden of Neurological Disease in the United States: A Summary Report and Call to Action” determined that a million American lives are impacted by neurological diseases every year. These illnesses range from stroke, spinal cord injury, and traumatic brain injury, which could be the most fatal.

The cost of care for less life threatening but equally disabling neurological conditions contribute to high yearly expense, as well.

Migraines and Headaches

Clinics offering expertise in neurology at St. George see many Americans complaining of headaches. At some point, 90 percent of the population will suffer from some form of headaches. In a study, three million emergency visits in 2008 consisted of migraine-related symptoms.

About three percent of people suffering from migraine will have to deal with a chronic form of the disease, which they may suffer from for life. While migraines and headaches are not disabling as stroke or spinal cord injury, the consolidated medical cost can be staggering.

Cognitive and Memory Impairment

Studies on the aging American population reveal that approximately 35 percent of people aged 85 and up go through life with a type of memory impairment. Estimates suggest that in two years’ time, the number of persons suffering from moderate or severe cognitive impairment will double.

Cognitive impairment includes not only memory loss, but also behavioral problems, changes in personality, and loss of function. A study estimated that Americans spend a total of $789 billion every year for the assessment and management of neurological disorders. The country also allocates about $243 billion of this amount to Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia.

Anxiety Disorder

Problems at home and at work may give rise to generalized anxiety disorder. Many Americans suffer from the disorder but remain not diagnosed. The actual prevalence and cost of care for the condition are difficult to determine. Temporary fear or worry affects adults, adolescents, and children.

At present, almost 40 million adults suffer from anxiety disorders. These disorders are highly treatable, but only 36.9 percent of those suffering get the treatment.

Contemporary studies reveal the incidence, prevalence, and annual cost of care of the most common neurological disorders in America. These studies give us a glimpse of medical disorders Americans face today.